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Nepal

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Nepal Travel Guide


About Nepal 

Nepal is one of the most beautiful as well as imaginative dreamlands in the world. It is so far the richest country in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation; being home to the world's highest mountains, historical cities and the forested plains where the lordly tigers and the great one-horned rhinoceros trundle at ease. In fact enchantment is everywhere for anyone in search of Shangri-La.

Kathmandu is the capital with its rich cultural heritage: Exquisite temples and Pagodas dedicated to the Hindu gods & goddess, Buddhist Chaityas & Gumbas and old palaces with carved windows and doors are its sculptures.

Nepal is probably the most famous destination in the world for a growing range of outdoor activities, covered in a separate section of this guide. Trekking from village to village through the hills and up into high Himalayan valleys is an experience not to be missed. The scenery varies from cultivated terraces to lush rhododendron forests to glacier-capped peaks.

We hope that after reading this very brief introduction about Nepal, you are all set to make a trip to this paradise and build some most memorable experiences of your lives. Please go through the various information Ace the Himalaya has here on this travel guide.

History and Geography

History of Nepal begins when the Kirants from the eastern part of the country started to rule .The first known rulers of the Kathmandu valley were Kirants.... Read More

People  and Language

Nepal is often known as ‘the land of Mount Everest’ and ‘Birthplace of Lord Buddha’. Its greatly diverse natural/geographical features and socio-cultural aspects make this country one of the most diverse countries in the world... Read More

Climate and Weather

Nepal’s topographical extremities govern the climate conditions of Nepal. It ranges from tropical to arctic. Low-land Terai region with its maximum altitude at 305m, which lies in the tropical southern part of the country, has a hot and humid climate that can rise above 40 degree Celsius during the summer. Mid-land regions are pleasant almost all the year round, although winter nights are cool. The northern mountain region, at an altitude above 3,300m has an alpine climate with considerably lower temperatures in winter... Read More

Festivals and Holidays

In Nepal, offices, schools, etc. are closed on Saturdays and public holidays including festivals and national days. Government office hours are 10 am to 5 pm. On Saturdays and Sundays in Kathmandu, government offices (including Immigration) and embassies are closed. Banks are mostly open on Sundays and a few are open on Saturday mornings, whilst you can always use the cash machines as they don’t close, although they may have some technical problems sometimes. Souvenir shopping and sightseeing are possible every day... Read More

Culture and Customs

Nepal is very famous for its unique culture and traditions. Welcoming the guest with warm hospitality by putting Tika (red color powder) with garlands shows the respects and love towards the people. Rather than hugging, shaking hands or kissing we have a tradition to join our palms and greet by bowing the head saying “Namaste”... Read More

Some Cultural Shock

The lifestyle and way of the people in these small villages are authentic displays of traditional culture in Nepal, with very little influence of westernization unlike the cities. Because of this, Volunteers should be aware that they may experience a little culture shock on their arrival.

  • Villagers speak louder and more aggressively than volunteers may be used to, although this is simply normal conversation.
  • Physical disciplining (such as hitting and using the strap) are common and old practice in Government schools, and although the Government is working on phasing this out, it will take some time.
  • Some traditional cultural practices involved animal cruelty. Animals are sacrificed in traditional Hindu festivals and in other cultural activities such as visits to the witch doctor.
  • Many people in the village smoke cigarettes.
  • Hygiene levels are often much lower in the villages, as local people have a much higher capacity for infection. It is helpful for volunteers to be aware of this when interacting with children and accepting food from villagers, so that they may reduce chances of getting sick.
  • Take off your shoes before entering a temple or one's home.
  • Ask for permission before entering a Hindu temple.
  • Taking photographs inside the most temples are considered illegal. Ask for permission before taking photographs of objects, and including Nepali people.
  • Public displays of affection such as kissing may be considered offensive.
  • Roads are narrow and crowded so horns help drivers save lives. They signal pedestrians with each beat of the heart! So be ready to hear horn noise and accept it - don't get upset about it
  • Khana Khanu Bhayo? - Nepalese may ask you in Nepali, Khana Khanu Bhayo (have you eaten) ? Its a form of greeting more than the question. So go ahead say `you ate one (Khaya)' if you are busy, or they will have you joining their dining table if you say (Chaainaa)!
  • It is common to see same sex walking together hand in hand or with arms around each other. It is a common friendship gesture in Nepal. Perception of friendship is realized before such terms like Gay or Lesbian. When someone talks to you and taps you while talking to you consider that the person is trying to get your attention - it’s a Nepali friendship way.
  • Pointing your finger at people is considered bad - it means wait and I will have something against you!
  • When you are in a Nepali dining table, there is usually the senior member of the family, usually a female, serving to everyone. She will repeatedly offer food. Consider that as a respect, don't get offended, take a little and say thank you. In Nepali, usually the mother eats last and she makes sure that everyone eats and eats well. That's why you have the repeated offers!
  • Shopping in Nepal start by bargaining. Most products don't have price tags, so you are expected to haggle with shop owners. Don't buy anything without bargaining or if you feel that extra dollars of yours would not hurt poor Nepalese go ahead give your best shot! Bargaining is common for buying stuff like vegetables and groceries, riding a cab, buying gift items such as Nepali Kukuri, Carpets, and just about anything really.
  • When you touch someone with your feet accidentally, you pay back the respect by tapping the person's shoulder, and then your forehead.
  • Calling people by names like Dad, Mum, Sister, Brother, Uncle is very common. For example, you say `Amaa' (Mother) or Buba (Dad) to your friend's parents but never call them by their names.
  • Never tell a girl you don't know that she is beautiful or compliment on her features. Girls consider it impolite and rude - they think you are flirting with them. Most Nepalese girls don't flirt except for a few bunches living in cities breathing western air!
  • Slurping - It is common to slurp tea and other hot drinks in restaurants and homes.
  • Superstition is a part of Nepalese life. Never say a young baby healthy and or fat - they don't like that, they think the baby will get sick afterwards. Never keep your shoes or sandals upside down - it brings bad luck around. Spilling rice on the floor (specially cooked rice) and walking on it is an insult to the Hindu Goddess of Food. For a long journey away from home, you usually depart with a sip of yogurt and/or a red tika (colored mix or powder) on your forehead given by the senior member of your family. Some highly superstitious people will only travel on specific days of the week for leaving home towards a specification directions like north or south. The number 3 is considered unlucky - for example, when three people have to depart from the same location, they leave one after another but not all at same time. It is common to pray before traveling specially on a long journey, so you will see bus drivers with photos of Hindu goddess, incense and bells and doing prayers before beginning the first drive of the day. Its common to see hanging of red dried Chillies in places like homes, restaurants and even in buses - it's done to protect the place from bad spirits.
  • Sharing a meal - You always ask someone around you if that person want's to share your meal. If you take a snack to work, you always ask your colleague if they would like to have a bit out of it. When a Nepali family prepares a special meal or even a special pickle at home, they will send it out to neighbors before they have it themselves. Sharing a meal makes them feel good about it. This is very common especially in remote villages in the country.
  • Nothing in Nepal works on time. Don't expect punctually. Public buses don't run on time, road traffics are unpredictable, and I didn't know about the meeting time - the kind of excuses you will hear from someone who shows up late in Nepal. Expect everything to slow down. Did you know that it takes hours just to pay your Electricity Bills, forget about paying your telephone Bill - it might take a whole day of waiting in a line! So expect delay at all levels from getting a bus, taxi, plane and getting a room in your hotel
  • Nepali Topi is the the national cap of Nepal - it's rather the part of the national dress for men. Many Nepalese were Topi proudly and it makes them feel good. One of the best ways to show that you care about Nepal and Nepalese is to wear this cap. Many visitors take back home a Nepali topi and use it in special occasions such for receiving Nepali friends at airport or during celebrations. Nepali Topi makes a unique and simple method to show your affection for Nepal and Nepalese. If you can, wear a Nepali topi while traveling in Nepal - for a Nepali topi on your head you feel like a Nepali and what better experience can be more than that!
  • Use of bad language is not common even among friends. Visitors to Nepal should avoid using bad language, and remember most city people do understand spoken English.
  • Licking your fingers is considered a bad manner. In most countries like USA, you lick your fingers if it has touched any edible substances. Doing the same in Nepal in public is considered gross.
  • Blowing your nose in front of people is considered rude. If you must blow, do it quietly and/or alone.
  • People spit and throw stuff everywhere- there is no law against littering. Don't complain, just go about your business, and ignore it. The most common spitting is from the chewing of Betel Leaf (Paan) and chewable tobacco (Khaine in Nepali)
  • When women have their monthly (Period or menstruation), they sleep and eat alone without touching anyone in the family for three to four days, they are also kept isolated for a week when they give a birth. Such traditions have been modified to fit family's desire or needs. During untouchable period, women don't visit temples or perform puja (worshiping and making offerings to God ). Some go as far as not celebrating festivals. For example, a sister who has a period during Tihar festival won't give or receive tika (a special mark on forehead). Learn about Tihar festival
  • Most Nepalese eat their meal by hand specially for the Nepali food Dal Bhat and Tarkari
  • Once someone has eaten from a plate, most Nepalese will not eat from it as it is considered impure (Jutho in Nepali). They feel they might get germs from it. But it is found that many Nepalese women eat leftovers from her husband's plate - for sharing of food is a loving gesture.
  • Traditional Nepalese marriage is a deal between the parents. The boy, his mother and his father will come to see the girl and her parents. She will offer them tea. He will get to see her for a while, and the deal is made by the parents. If it’s not good enough, they will go search for another deal.
  • People who don't look like the ordinary Nepalese will get lots of looks and even constant staring. Especially when you are away from the main cities like Kathmandu, you will be noticed constantly by many people including beautiful Nepalese kids whose curious eyes will be all around you. Smile and Enjoy
  • Nepalese don't eat beef, but buffalo meat is eaten by certain group of people.

Shopping and Malls

The more one visits the places in Nepal, the more is explored. Nepal is an amazingly beautiful and diverse wonderland. Moreover, since the past, some places of Nepal have been the most visited ones by the travelers from all around the world. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. It is the most populated city in Nepal and thus full of hectic lives. One can even recreate with shopping and nightlife in the city. Kathmandu is regarded as the best place to shop according to your necessities from branded to local products. One can find many malls in Kathmandu for shopping according to their needs. Different types of imported and exported clothes, shoes, accessories, home appliances, electronic gadgets and many more can be found in a same place with the convenient price. Kathmandu Mall, City Centre, Civil Mall, Sherpa Mall and United World Trade Centers are the famous malls of Kathmandu city which can give you the best opportunity to shop till the fullest. Apart from this you can also Nepali handmade papers, Thankas-Tibetan Paintings, Pashmina, Khukuri / Knives, jewelries, Nepali national dress, cap, and Nepali Carpets to take back home as gifts specially in the famous markets of Kathmandu like Ason,Thamel,Durbar Marg etc.

Your guide can always assist you and would be the best person to answer you to make and buy the needy things during treks and travels for rural areas. You can shop the desired equipments needed for you day to day life while you are on trek apart from the equipments we provide.

Night Life

Night life in Nepal especially in the capital city Kathmandu is very entertaining and full of pleasure. Thamel and Durbarmarg is the main area for the night life. Kathmandu houses several clubs, bars and discotheques that come to life at night. The nightclubs, bars, casinos and discos are the ideal places to relax and rejuvenate oneself. Enjoy live entertainment at the local pub and bars. There are several bars and pubs scattered around Thamel in Kathmandu, all close to each other. Each one has its own style so have a look in each one to choose which appeals to you. Whatever type of bar, discotheque or club you are looking for, you will find it in Kathmandu.

Events and Activities

We here have referred events to festivals and holidays. In Nepal, offices, schools, etc. are closed on Saturdays and public holidays including festivals and national days. Government office hours are 10 am to 5 pm. On Saturdays and Sundays in Kathmandu, government offices (including Immigration) and embassies are closed. Souvenir shopping and sightseeing are possible every day. Due to the inhabitation of people belonging to different communities and religious groups, Nepal observes a number of festivals. These events are celebrated in very unique and magnificent manner which can be the best life time achievement to observe. You can also enjoy other extra activities like trekking, hiking, biking, paragliding and many more.

Forex and Banking

Money can be changed at any banks. Banks are open from 10am to 2pm from Sunday to Thursday and until noon on Friday. Traveler’s cheques are widely accepted with a service charge, usually per cheque. Credit cards are generally accepted, with Visa and MasterCard. There is no black market in Nepal. Sometimes changing larger notes in the villages can be a problematic.

There are many ATM machines in Kathmandu and in Pokhara. ATM machines are slowly being introduced to other city like Butwal and Dharhan. In Thamel Street alone, there are three machines, including one in the Kathmandu Guest House. International credit cards (Master Card, Visa Card etc ) are accepted in all leading hotels, shopping centers, bars and restaurants in Nepal. Traveler’s cheques are also accepted here. Most popular cards accepted in Nepal are VISA, MASTERCARD and Americansn Express. Both Debit and Credit Cards are accepted here. Americansn Travelers Cheques are also accepted in most Banks, Hotels, and Travel companies.

Nepal’s currency is Nepali Rupees, which is equal to 100 Paisa. You can find paper notes of Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 whereas coins are of Rs. 5, 2, 1 and 50 paisa (also 25, 10, 5 paisa coins are available but rare). NRs. 160 is equivalent to Indian Rs. 100. The convertible values keep changing with other currencies including US Dollars, Pounds, Euro, Aus Dollars, Yen, etc.

Environment and Pollution

Nepal is very beautiful and rich in greenery. The numbers of flora and fauna found here makes the environment clean and green. But as the advancement of technology started taking place the environment has been degrade more in cities area. Pollution is a problem in cities like Kathmandu. Due to pollution, one may face problems like headache, fever, cough, cold, typhoid, etc. Cities are well equipped with hospitals. Besides, mosquitoes are abundant during summer season in hot places of the Terai. As the result, diseases like malaria may occur. All these problems have cure. So, travelers are requested not to worry or panic but precautions are to be taken.

Roads

Roads in Nepal are of varieties. Some are good; some may be under construction, some narrow and some zigzag and steep. While traveling on a vehicle or on foot on the roads, precautions are to be taken. Traffic jams on office times are common. If the vehicles are driven carefully, road travel is free of risk. Again, it is highly recommended that you have travel insurance covered.

Water

One can even drink water directly from rivers and taps. Water in Nepal are pure and less contaminated even though we recommend you to buy and drink mineral water.

Electricity

230 V, 50 Hz; European plugs with circular metal pins, India style plugs with two circular metal pins above a large circular grounding pin. You can find any of the transformers, plug adopter and converters to buy in Kathmandu and other major cities easily.

Lodging/Accommodation

Hotels, from non-star lodges to five star hotels, from guest houses to resorts, all are options for accommodation in Nepal. Expect star hotels in Kathmandu and Pokhara. Meanwhile, guest houses, camps, volunteer house and also local houses are options while you’re on trek.

Transportation

Transportation in city areas is available and has easy access.Bus,taxi,tempos,vans and rickshaws are available everywhere.

Taxis: Meter Taxis are very common and usually recognized by the black number plate in front and rear. You can get the taxis even at the night time but the fare is bit higher than day time. You can also get a private car through a travel agent or car/rent agents. The hotels or resort can also provide you this service.

Buses: Buses in Nepal are crowded especially during holiday seasons. One can take Micro Bus (Hiace) in the Kathmandu valley, Bhaktapur, Patan and also to other remote areas. Other popular scheduled and well maintained buses like Makalu Yatayat, Agni Bus, run to and from Kathmandu to all major cities in Nepal. The main bus terminal is located at Gongabu bus terminal. The new regulations has also introduced the night bus systems in Kathmandu with the various terminal points of its statin “Ratri Sewa”(Night Service).

Motor Bikes: Motor bikes are available for hire in Kathmandu's Thamel and Lazimpat area. These motorcycles are generally 90-250cc bikes; the most popular motor bike in Nepal is Hero Honda Splendor. The hotels or the travel agents can guide you in detailed ways about the hiring processing on it.

Rickshaw: Rickshaw ride gives you the pleasure of roaming around and its very fun full. It costs cheaper than the taxi facilities. You can get rickshaws even in the rural areas. In Kathmandu Thamel, Basantapur and Durbar Marg

Communications

In cities and developed areas communicating facilities would be cheap and available. To make your cell phones run you need to contact your service provider and check if Nepal country is included in their `Global roaming' package. You can also get the facility of getting a sim card by consulting the travel agents(us).

There is no internet in the village or surrounding towns, and the only wireless method possible (CDMA technology – wireless internet via phone carrier) does not yield a high speed connection. Please inform us if you would like to book a wireless CDMA SIM card and a USB modem in advance.

There is reception however, for local phone carriers. Buying a local SIM card for use in a local handset is another good option for international communication.

Custom Department Things

All travelers are permitted to carry 200 cigarettes, 20 cigars, one bottle of spirits and two bottles or 12 cans of beer free of duty. Other exempts from include personal effect such as binoculars, cameras, film stock, record player, tape recorder, transistor, and radio. It is illegal to export antiques; objects like metal statue, sacred images, paintings, and manuscripts.

Note: You can bring your pets with you but you need to remember not all the airlines offer shipment of animals in cabin or as checked baggage.

Clothes

Nepal has a wide range of climates so carrying both light and warm clothes in casual and comfortable styles is appropriate. In the mountain areas, warm woolen clothing is necessary while at lower altitude cotton clothing is ideal. Bring any stuff so that you can wear it with your comfort. If you missed any of your clothes, don't worry. Buy Nepalese garments; a snow jacket, a pair of pants, and a t-shirt for under fifty bucks!

Health and Safety measure

Taking precautions and preventive measures by you is a must. Enter Nepal with one or two vaccine taken for common diseases like malaria. When in Nepal, eat thoroughly cooked food. Avoid salad. Drink only the reputed brand of bottled water. Soft drinks like Coke, Pepsi are fine to drink. Avoid Fast foods. Wear a mask (if possible) when walking in the dusty and polluted streets, especially during the summer season in Nepal it can be touch to walk in the streets. Many private clinics and hospitals are open during the day. Drug stores near the hospital regions are open 24 hours (Bir Hospital, Teaching Hospital, Patan Hospital, etc). Of course the other rules apply; a) quit smoking! b) Drink less. (Beer is cheap in Nepal!)

Pre departure information

Passports and Visas
A visa is required to enter to Nepal. Visas are granted at the Nepalese embassies or consulates abroad. You may also be granted an on-arrival tourist visa at Tribhuwan International Airport or at the immigration office of any entry/exit point. Any foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to the passport issued by your local government for visiting a foreign country prior to application for visa. Indian nationals do not require a visa to enter Nepal.

Nationals of these countries must apply for the visa in advance through Nepalese consulates abroad- Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine and Afghanistan.

An on-arrival tourist visa is a multiple visa and is available for 15 days, 30 days and 90 days. When you apply for the visa, your passport must be valid for at least six months and you need two Passport size photos.

Visa Fees
Here are the fees for the tourist visas to Nepal: (Note that- Nationals of SAARC countries, Chinese nationals and children under 10 years need not pay any visa fees)
15 Days- US$ 25
30 Days- US$ 40
90 Days- US$ 100

Tourist Visa Extension
Visas can also be extended following the policies of Nepal Government. Fees for tourist visa extension for 15 days or less is US$ 30. Tourist Visa can be extended for more than 15 days by paying US $ 2 or equivalent Nepalese currency per day. Tourist visas can be extended for a maximum period of 150 days in a year.

For more information on other kinds of visas and immigration issues, please go through this link of Nepal Government’s Department of Immigration: http://www.immi.gov.np/visa

Entering Nepal

By Air 
Tribhuwan International Airport is the only international airport in Nepal. Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier aircraft of Nepal and other international airlines operate flights to Kathmandu various cities in the world, by many international airlines. (Link)

By Land
Kathmandu is connected with India through the fertile plains of the Terai by the most picturesque highways. Visitors are permitted to drive their own cars but their vehicles must possess international carnet. There are regular bus services to Kathmandu from all the border points. Bus services are available easily from India to Nepal. The bus from Lhasa is only available during the less snowing period. The entry point at Nepal – India borders are: Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi and Mahendranagar. The only entry point at Nepal – China border is Kodari from Lhasa.

Entry and Exit points in Nepal

The following entry and exit points are prescribed for the purpose of the foreigners entering to and departing from the Nepal. Deviation from these points at the time of entry or exit shall be treated as the violation of immigration rules.

  • Tribhuwan International Airport, Kathmandu
  • Kakarbhitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
  • Birgunj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
  • Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)
  • Belahia, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi (Western Nepal)
  • Jamunaha, Nepalgunj, Banke (Mid Western Nepal)
  • Mohana, Dhangadhi, Kailali (Far Western Nepal)
  • Gadda Chauki, Mahendranagar, Kanchanpur (Far Western Nepal)

Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is compulsory for undertaking any tour. It should provide adequate protection for the full duration of the tour to cover personal injury, death, medical expenses, repatriation expenses, helicopter rescue, air ambulance and adequate cover for baggage.

Some Facts about Nepal

  • People in Nepal do not greet one another with a handshake, but rather put their palms together and bow their forehead and say Namaste (directly translated as ‘I salute the God in youˇ).
  • A popular and cheap ‘fast food’ is the Momo. Delicious dumplings made from flour and water filled with different fillings like chicken, meat or vegetables either fried or steamed and served with a dipping sauce.
  • Nepal is home to one of the few places on earth where you can see both the Bengal tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros
  • The Annapurna region was voted one of the top 10 best trekking places on earth.
  • Everest in the Nepali language is Sagarmatha which means goddess of the sky and it stands at a staggering 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level.
  • The Sherpas are an ethnic group from mostly the eastern mountainous part of Nepal. Many are employed as porters for mountain expeditions as they do not suffer the effect of altitude and due to their genetics and upbringing. Many groups refer to their porters as Sherpas.
  • Nepal is the birthplace for the Lord Buddha. Lumbini and a pilgrimage for many devout Buddhists.
  • Nepal has the densest concentration of World Heritage Sites. Kathmandu valley alone has 7 World Heritage Cultural sites within a radius of 15 kilometers.
  • The Nepali flag is the only nation with non-quadrilateral flag. The two triangles symbolize the Himalaya Mountains and represent the two major religions, Hinduism and Buddhism.
  • Time Zone is 5 hrs 45 min ahead of GMT
  • The Nepali year begins in mid-April and is divided into 12 months: Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik, Marga, Poush, Falgun, Chaitra. Saturday is the official weekly holiday.

Useful Phrases and Expressions


Greeting  
Namaste Hello
(Tapaiilai) Kasto Cha? How are you?
(Malai) Thik Cha I am fine
Khana khannu bhaiyo? Have you eaten? (used often as informal greeting)
Dhanybhad Thank you
Tapaiiko naam ke ho? What is your name?
Mero naam Prakash ho My name is Ann-Marie
Maaph garnuhos Excuse me/ pardon me/ sorry
Maile bhujhina I don’t understand
Maile bhujhe I understand
Pheri bhetaunla I hope we meet again
Addressing People / Things  
Prakash-ji Formal way to address someone using their name
Aama / Buwa Mother / Father, but also friendly term men/women roughly in your parents generation
Didi/ Bahini Older / Younger sister, but also friendly term used to refer to other women roughly in your generation
Dhai / Bhai Older / Younger brother, same as above
Nanu / Babu Young girl / boy child
Ma / Hami I / We
Tapaii You
Yo / Tyo This / That

Useful Adjectives
Mahango / Sasto Expensive / Cheap
Ramro / Naramro Good / Bad
Sapha / Phohar Clean / Dirty
Thulo / Sano Big / Small
Sajilo / Gahro Easy / Hard
Thada / Najik Far / Close
Chito / Dhilo Fast / Slow
Tato / Cheeso Hot / Cold (for food)
Garmi / Jaado Hot / Cold (for weather)
Naya / Purano New / Old
Dhani / Garib Rich / Poor

Question Words
Ke What Kahile When
Kahaang Where Kun Which
Kati How much Kasari How
Kina / kinabhane Why / because Kasto How (of quality)
Kasko Whose
Useful Nouns  
Bato / Road Pul / Bridge Des / Country Bajar / Market
Kotha / Room Gau / Village Khola / River Pasal / Shop
Khanna / Food Ghar / House Mithai / Sweets Koseli / Gift
Topee / Hat Jhola / Bag, pack Git / Song Kitaab / Book
Manche / Person Mancheharu / People Chorachori / Children Bideshi / Foreigner

Numbers
1 / ek 6 / cha 15 / pandhra 50 / pachaase
2 / dui 7 / saat 20 / beece 60 / sathi
3 / tin 8 / aath 25 / pacheece 70 / sattari
4 / char 9 / nau 30 / teece 80 / assi
5 / panchs 10 / das 40 / chaleece 90 / nabbe
100 / ek saye 200 / dui saye 1000 ek hazar

Expressions of Time
Aaja / Today Hijo / Yesterday Bholi / Tomorrow Ghanta / Hour
Din / Day Haptaa / Week Mahina / Month Barsa / Year
Bihaana / Morning Diunso / Afternoon Beluka / Evening Raatri / Night
Subha raatri Good night
Kati bhajyo? What time is it? Ek bhajyo One o' clock

General Conversation  
Tapaiko naam k ho? What is your name?
Mero naam Anne ho. My name is Anne.
Tapai kaha bata aaunu bhayako ho? Where are you from?
Ma Australia bata ayeko hu I am from Australia.
Tapaiko pariwar ma ko ko hunuhuncha? Who are there in your family?
Mero pariwar ma aama/buwa ani tin jan dai harru hunuhuncha. I have my parents, and three older brothers.
Tapai Nepal ma pahile choti aaunu bhayako ho? Is it your first time in Nepal?
Ho/hoina. Yes/no
Tapai kati barsha ko hunubhayo? How old are you?
Ma pacchis barsha ko bhayen. I am twenty-five years old.
Khana khanu bho ta? Have you eaten?
khayen/khayeko chaina Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t.
Esko kati parcha? How much does this cost?
Dherai mahango bhaiyo It’s very (too) expensive
Ma ali-ali Nepali bolchu        I only speak a little Nepali
Bistaari bhannus Please speak slowly
Tapaiiko bihe bhayo? Are you married?
Mero bihe bhaiyo / bhayeko chaina? I am married / not married.
Yo / tyo ke ho? What is this / that?
Tapailai bhetda khushi lagyo. Nice to meet you.